Announcement Date: January 19, 1914
The Cullum Geographical Medal was awarded to Sir John Scott Keltie and Ellen Churchill Semple.
Sir John Scott was a Scottish geographer, best known for his work with the Royal Geographic Society. He joined the Royal Geographic Society in 1883, and quickly became heavily involved in its activities. He was appointed the Royal Geographic Society’s Inspector of Geographical Education in 1884, and undertook a thorough reviewof the state of geography education in the UK.
Ellen Churchill Semple is most closely associated with work in anthrogeography and environmentalism. Semple had a prevailing interest in environmental determinism, atheory that the physical environment, rather than social conditions, determines culture however she is also associated with environmental influences as opposed to determinism.