Aquaculture and Post-Productive Transition on the Maine Coast
Geographical Review Early View
American Geographical Society: What is the main purpose of your study?
This study asks why and how coastal residents and aquaculture farmers come to a consensus about aquaculture expansion. The broader purpose is to explore how diverse residents with different priorities come to agree on rural development in places that have lost traditional jobs.
American Geographical Society: What are the practical, day to day, implications of your study?
This study found that even when coastal residents expressed very different priorities, they were often able to find common ground with aquaculture farmers. Face-to-face discussions with farmers helped coastal residents see how farms could fit their priorities, and the same discussion helped farmers change their operations to fit what residents wanted.
American Geographical Society: How does your study relate to other work on the subject?
There are many studies that look at conflicting priorities over rural development in places that have lost traditional jobs. However, these studies rarely look at coastal rural places, and almost never at aquaculture, despite its rapid expansion.
American Geographical Society: What are two or three interesting findings that come from your study?
Many coastal residents have a lot of uncertainty about aquaculture due to unfamiliarity – it’s still small in the U.S. but it’s growing fast.
Coastal residents come to see aquaculture as compatible with their recreational and scenic priorities once they see it in the water and after learn about it in face-to-face meetings with farmers.
Aquaculture farmers try to increase acceptability of their farms by making them more artisanal.
American Geographical Society: What might be some theoretical implications of this study?
In Maine, face-to-face meetings create a bottom-up process that helps farmers fit aquaculture into coastal residents’ priorities, and that helped coastal residents get to know farmers. But face-to-face meetings also made disagreement personal with it arose. We need to study how people with different priorities about rural places interact directly, one-on-one.
American Geographical Society: How does your research help us think about Geography?
A major theme in geography is “place.” This research helps us think about how rural people, both longtime residents and newcomers, deal with profound changes to places they love, changes that are demographic, economic, and environmental, and how they find ways forward by creating consensus around deeply felt issues on the future of these place.
The images and figures were provided by the author, Samuel Hanes.
To access the full articles, become an AGS affiliate and get free online access!
Click here to read the abstract of this article on the Wiley Online Library.