Cullum Geographical Medal

Cullum Geographical Medal


The Cullum Geographical Medal, created in 1896, was the first major awards presented by AGS and is thus one of its most prestigious. Lydia Field Emmet, the designer of the medal, described the medals imagery, which portrays the medal’s intent. “On the front is the figure of a young man standing in the bow of a boat. He has thrown down his oars upon discovering land. He shades his eyes with his hand as the boat progresses through the waves. A seagull, hovering, indicates the proximity of land. The whole is supposed to represent enterprise and the spirit of exploration. Inscribed on the face of the medal is: “The American Geographical Society of New York.” Describing the back, she says, “The reverse, to typify achievement and award, bears a female figure – Columbia, the left hand resting on a globe and the right holding out a laurel wreath. Beneath the right arm is the tablet to bear the record of the achievement for which the award is made. On the side is the inscription, “The Cullum Geographical Medal.””

The first recipient of the award was Robert E. Peary, in 1896. Working with the U.S. Navy, he led many explorations of the Arctic Ocean, eventually becoming the first person to reach the geographic North Pole in 1909. He is also a signer of AGS’s Fliers’ and Explorers’ Globe.

Recipients
2014 Lee Schwartz
2009 Peter SmithMatthew Henson
2001 Wilbur Zelinsky
1999 Jack Dangermond
David Lowenthal
1997 Melvin G. Marcus
1989 M. Gordon Wolman
1987 F. Kenneth Hare
Yi-Fu Tuan
1985 Chauncy D. Harris
1975 Rene Dubos
1973 Bruce Heezen
1969 Neil A. Armstrong
Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr.
Michael Collins
1968 Luna B. Leopold
1967 Peter Haggett
1965 Kirtley Fletcher Mather
1964 John Leighly
1963 Rachel Louise Carson
1962 Richard Joel Russell
1961 William Maurice Ewing
1959 Albert Paddock Crary
1958 Charles Warren Thornthwaite
1956 J. Russell Smith
1954 British Everest Expedition
1952 Roberto Almagia
1950 Hans Wilhelmsson Ahlmann
1948 Hugh Hammond Bennett
1943 Arthur Robert Hinks
1940 Robert Cushman Murphy
1939 Emmanuel de Martonne
1938 Louise Arner Boyd
1935 Douglas Johnson
1932 Bertram Thomas
1931 Mark Jefferson
1930 Curtis Fletcher Marbut
1929 Jean Brunhes
Alfred Hettner
Hugh Robert Mill
Jules de Schokalsky
1925 Lucien Gallois
Harvey C. Hayes
Pedro C. Sanchez
1924 Jovan Cvijic
1922 Edward A. Reeves
1921 Albert I, Prince of Monaco
1919 Emmanuel de Margerie
Henry Fairfield Osborn
1918 Frederick Haynes Newell
1917 George W. Goethals
1914 Sir John Scott Keltie
Ellen Churchill Semple
1911 Jean B. A. E. Charcot
1910 Hermann Wagner
1909 Francisco P. Moreno
Sir Ernest Shackleton
1908 William Morris Davis
1906 Robert Bell
Robert Falcon Scott
1904 Georg von NeumayerSven Hedin
1903 H.R.H. Duke of the Abruzzi
1902 A. Donaldson Smith
1901 Thomas C. Mendenhall
1899 Sir John Murray
1897 Fridtjof Nansen
1896 Robert E. Peary